Kidney Cancer

What causes kidney cancer?

Most kidney cancers are sporadic (no obvious cause) however risks include:

How common is kidney cancer?

What are the symptoms of kidney cancer?

Most kidney cancers these days are detected incidentally on x-rays (ultrasound or CT scan) during investigations of other problems.

Symptoms usually develop in advanced disease and can include:

How is kidney cancer diagnosed?

What is the role of biopsy of a kidney tumour?

Biopsy is not indicated in most cases, as at least 80% of solid lesions in the kidney detected on CT will be kidney cancers

How is localised kidney cancer treated?

Surgery is the most effective treatment option for attempting to cure kidney cancer.

If the staging x-rays show no spread beyond the kidney, the potential options include:

What if the kidney cancer has spread (metastasised)?